英文语法 » 时态, 被动语态 » 正文   0 个评论

被动语态的概念及其时态

语态是谓语的一种形式,当主语是动作的执行者时,动词用主动语态,若主语与谓语是被动关系,则动词用被动语态:
Everybody respects him.
大家都尊敬他。(主动语态)
He is respected by everybody.
他受到大家的尊敬。(被动语态)

被动语态由“be+过去分词”构成,时态由be的各种形式表现出来:
1一般现在时:
What is it called?
它叫什么名宁?
Oranges are grown on these hills.
这些小山上种有橘子树。

2一般过去时:
He was born in Shanghai.
他是在上海出生的。
They were pleased by these words.
听了这些话他们很高兴。

3一般将来时:
Who will be sent to work there?
将派谁去那里工作?
Shall we be invited to the party?
要邀请我们参加晚会吗?

4.现在进行时:
The case is being investigated.
这案了正在调查。
These problems are being discussed.
这些问题正在讨论。

5.现在完成时:
It has been translated into many languages.
这书被译成了许多语言。
Has anybody been hurt?
有谁受伤了吗?

6.过去进行时:
The road was then being widened.
那时路正在加宽。
A party was being held in the next room.
隔壁房间正在开晚会。

7.过去完成时:
He said that the meeting had been postponed.
他说会议延期了。
I didn’t know he had been fired.
我不知道他被解雇了。

还有一些时态用被动语态的时候比较少,有些时态没有被动语态。

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