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带有情态动词,成语动词,不定式和表语的被动语态结构

1.带情态动词的被动结构:
This must be done right away.
这事必须立即进行。
This vitamin can’t be stored in the body.
这种维生素不能储存在体内。
May these books be taken out of the room?
这些书能携出室外吗?
You should be criticized for that.
为此你应受到批评。
That question needn’t be discussed.
那个问题无需讨论。

2.带不定式的被动结构:
These trees have to be cut down.
这些树不得不砍倒。
This ought to be done with care.
做这事要小心。
These old houses are going to be pulled down
.这些旧房子将要拆掉。
When is the building to be completed?
大楼何时完工?
These people are sure to be punished.
这些人一定会受到惩处。

3.一些成语动词的被动结构:
Many workers have been laid off.
许多工人被暂时辞退。
The U.S.A.is made up of 50 states.
美国由五十个州构成。
Has the doctor been sent for?
请大夫了吗?
He was brought up by his aunt.
他是他姑姑带大的。
Such a thing has never been heard of before.
这种事前所未闻。
Such people are looked down upon in society.
这种人在社会上是被人看不起的。

4.带表语的被动结构:
She was called Big Sister(表语)by everybody.
大家都管她叫大姐。
The rooms should be kept clean.
这些房间要保持干净。
He was made their leader.
他被推选为他们的领导人。
The walls are painted yellow.
墙被漆成了黄色。
He was appointed director of the hospital.
他被任命为医院院长。

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