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虚拟语气在各类从句中的应用以及谓语动词的形式(过去式或原形)

1.由demand,suggest,propose,request,insist,order由等动词引起的从句中,在美国英语中多用动词原形,在英国英语用“should+动词原形”:
He demanded that they(should) pay the money right away.
他要求他们马上付款。
I suggest that we (should) cancel the trip.
我建议取消这次旅行。
She proposed that the meeting(should)be adjourned.
她提议休会。
They insisted that the girl(should)be sent to hospital.
他们坚持送女孩进医院。

2.在wish,would rather,had rather后的从句中,动词和虚拟从句中的谓语相同,需要使用动词的过去式。
I wish I were a bird.
我愿意我是一只鸟。
How I wish it weren’t raining!
我多么希望现在不是在下雨!
I would rather they came tomorrow.
我宁愿他们明天米。
I had rather (that)you told her than I did.
我宁愿你告诉她而不是我告诉她。

3.在as if(though)引起的状语从句中,谓语和后面从句中的谓语相同,需要使用动词的过去式:
I’ve loved you as if you were my son.
我一直爱你就仿佛你是我的亲儿子。
They talked as if they had been old friends.
他们谈起话来像老朋友。
He acts as if he was(were)the boss.
他那态度就像他是老板似的。

4.在it’s(high)time后的定语从句中,谓语也需用虚拟语气,需要使用动词的过去式:
It’s time we went to bed.
现在该睡觉了。
It’s high time we stopped this practice.
是该停止这种做法的时候了。
It’s time that they were taught a lesson.
现在应给他们一个教训了。

5.在suggestion,proposal,order,idea等词后的表语从句或同位语从句中,谓语形式用动词原形:
My suggestion is that we(should)challenge them for a friendly competition.
我的建议是我们向他们挑战来一场友谊赛。
I second his motion that we set up a special committee to examine the problem.
我附议他的动议,成立一个特别委员会来研究这个问题。

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