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表示数量的代词的用法:any,much,little,few,many

1.下面这些都是表示数量的代词,用法大体上可以归纳如下:

很多,许多 没多少,很少(否定) 有一些,有几个(肯定)
用于可数名词 many few a few
用于不可数名词 much little a little

这些词作定语时较多(a),有时也可作主语(b)或宾语(C):
a.Many hands make light work.
人多好办事。(谚)
There isn’t much difference between them.
它们之间没多大差别。
Few words are best.
少说话最好。(谚)
Could I have a few words with you?
我能和你说几句话吗?
Just give me a little vinegar.
给我一点醋。
He gave us little help.
他给我们的帮助很少。

b.Many(of them)are adults.
(他们)许多人是成年人。
There is not much to do here.
这儿没多少事要做。
Few(of us)have ever been there.
(我们)很少人到过那里。
A few of them are from the south.
他们有几个人是南方人。
There is little left.
没剩多少了。
There is still a little.
还剩一点。

C. How many (much) do you want?——A dozen(catty)
你要多少?——一打(一斤)。
I know little(don’t know much)about it.
这事我不太了解。
I’11 get a few (bottles).
我去买几瓶。
I have got a little
我有一点。

用作表语:
How much is it?
多少钱?
Thanks,it’s too much for me.
谢谢,太多了。

2.any,much主要用于疑问句和否定句,肯定句中多用a lot of:
A lot of students want to take the course.
很多学生想修这门课。
We’ve got a lot(of things)to do today.
今天我们有很多事要做。

many常可在肯定句中作主语或修饰主语,也可修饰宾语:
Many play volleyball in our school.
我们学校很多人打排球。
Many men,many minds.
人多主意杂。(谚)
The hen laid many eggs.
母鸡下了好多蛋。

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