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介词toward/towards和under的用法及例句

1.towards的用法和例句(美国有作toward):
1)向着,方向:
A boy came running towards us.
一个男孩向我们跑来。
He was now walking towards the river.
这时他向河边走去。
She is taking courses toward a master’s degree.
她正在修硕士学位的课程。

2)快到(某时):
Towards one o’clock they reached home.
快到一点时他们回到家里。
She came to see me towards the end of the week.
快到周末时她来看我。
It’s getting on towards the end of term now.
现在已快到期末了。

3)对于:
The teacher was very lenient towards us.
老师对我们很松。
He has changed his attitude towards the work.
他改变了对工作的态度。
She had no ill-feeling toward him now.
她现在对他没有恶感了。

2.under的用法和例句
1)在……下方(面):
They are cooling themselves under the trees.他们在树下乘凉。
He had a book under his arm.他腋下夹了一本书。
Please push the stool under the bed.请把凳子推到床底下。

2)(under用于引申意义)在……之下:
All their activities were put under unified command.
他们的一切活动都置于统一指挥之下。
All places of strategic importance came under their occupation.
所有战略要地都被他们占领。
We did that under orders.
我们是奉命行事。

3)(under引起短语作表语)表示主语所处状态等:
The road was under repair.
路正在修。
The proposal is now under discussion.
提案正在讨论。
I’m a bit under the weather.
我有点不舒服。
In 2040 Venice will be under water.
2040年威尼斯将会被水淹没。

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