当一个分句成为一个分句的构成成分时就尝产生另一类包孕现象:这种现象通常称为从属关系(SUBORDINATION)。例[1] 和[2]中的两个分句是简单句,但是也可以通过使一个分句从属于另一个分句的方法,如在例[3]中那样,把它们合成一个复杂句: The weather has been remark... 阅读全部 »

1.表示比较的状语从句 这类从句都由than或as引起: She likes Danny better than she likes me. 她喜欢丹妮胜过喜欢我。 He can run faster than I do. 他跑得比我快。 It is not so difficult as you think. 它没有你想的那么困难。 She is not so energetic as... 阅读全部 »

1.条件状语从句: 条件从句可由if,unless,suppose,supposing,condition(that),provided(that)等词引起: They can’t be up early if they go to be bed late. 如果他们睡得晚,起来就不会早。 Unless sleep is adequate,no one feels like exercising.... 阅读全部 »

1.目的状语从句: 目的状语从句多由that,so that,in order that,lest,for fear that等引起: Ask her to hurry up with these letters so that I can sign them. 让她把这几封信赶快打好我好签字。 They have died that liberty might live. 他们死了使自由得... 阅读全部 »

1.地点状语从句 地点状语从句多由where或wherever引起: Winters were very long where he lived. 在他住的地方冬天很长。 I’m standing where the brook and the river meet. 我站在小溪与大河汇合处。 He left the camera where it was. 他把相机留在原... 阅读全部 »

时间状语从句 时间状语从句可由when,whenever, while,before,after,until,till,since,now that,once,as soon as等连词引起: Let’s wait until(till)the rain stops. 等雨停了再说。 She comes to talk to me whenever she feels lonely. 每当她感... 阅读全部 »

定语从句可分为限制性和非限制性两种: 1.限制性定语从句(Restrictive attributive clauses): 限制性定语从句,使所修饰的词表示一个特定的人或东西,如果去掉它,那个词就失去意义,句子就不能成立或不完整: Any one who leaves litter in these woods will be p... 阅读全部 »

一、定语从句一般由关系代词(1)或关系副词(2)引起: 1、God helps those who help themselves. 上帝帮助自强的人。(谚) Laura was a woman whom she knew. 劳拉是她认识的一个女子。 It was an island whose name I have forgotten. 它是一座小岛,它的名字我忘了... 阅读全部 »

宾语从句有以下三类: 1.由连接代词或副词及whether(if)引起的从句: I’11 see what I can do. 我来想想我能做什么。 I don’t know who you are. 我不知道你是谁。 Could you tell me where you’re from? 你能否告诉我你是哪儿人? I wonder whe... 阅读全部 »

一般作表语的从句有三类: 1.由that引起的表语从句: The trouble is that we are short of funds. 困难是我们缺乏资金。 One explanation is that he wanted to be different from others. 一个解释是他想与众不同。 Your greatest fault is that you are so car... 阅读全部 »

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