当一个分句成为一个分句的构成成分时就尝产生另一类包孕现象:这种现象通常称为从属关系(SUBORDINATION)。例[1] 和[2]中的两个分句是简单句,但是也可以通过使一个分句从属于另一个分句的方法,如在例[3]中那样,把它们合成一个复杂句: The weather has been remark... 阅读全部 »

1.表示比较的状语从句 这类从句都由than或as引起: She likes Danny better than she likes me. 她喜欢丹妮胜过喜欢我。 He can run faster than I do. 他跑得比我快。 It is not so difficult as you think. 它没有你想的那么困难。 She is not so energetic as... 阅读全部 »

1.条件状语从句: 条件从句可由if,unless,suppose,supposing,condition(that),provided(that)等词引起: They can’t be up early if they go to be bed late. 如果他们睡得晚,起来就不会早。 Unless sleep is adequate,no one feels like exercising.... 阅读全部 »

1.目的状语从句: 目的状语从句多由that,so that,in order that,lest,for fear that等引起: Ask her to hurry up with these letters so that I can sign them. 让她把这几封信赶快打好我好签字。 They have died that liberty might live. 他们死了使自由得... 阅读全部 »

1.地点状语从句 地点状语从句多由where或wherever引起: Winters were very long where he lived. 在他住的地方冬天很长。 I’m standing where the brook and the river meet. 我站在小溪与大河汇合处。 He left the camera where it was. 他把相机留在原... 阅读全部 »

时间状语从句 时间状语从句可由when,whenever, while,before,after,until,till,since,now that,once,as soon as等连词引起: Let’s wait until(till)the rain stops. 等雨停了再说。 She comes to talk to me whenever she feels lonely. 每当她感... 阅读全部 »

引起其他状语从句(让步状语从句、比较状语从句和目的状语从句)的连词: 1)(a1)though尽管: Although (Though)the factory is small,yet its products are very popular. 尽管这家工厂很小,(但)它的产品很受人欢迎。(注意这里的yet不能用but) They are generou... 阅读全部 »

引起条件状语从句的连词: 1)if如果,假如: It doesn’t matter if you can’t find her. 如果你找不到她也没有关系。 If you do it,so can I. 你要是能办到,我也能办到。 2)even if即使: They’11 stand by you even if you don’t succe... 阅读全部 »

引导原因状语从句的连词: 1)because因为: I study English bemuse it is useful for my work. 我学英语因为它对我的工作有好处。 She is in bed bemuse she is i11.她没起床因为她病了。 Because they lived on the edge of the Persian Empire.they ware ruled... 阅读全部 »

引起时间状语从句的从属连词: 1)when当……时: Does it hurt when I press here? 我按这里时疼不疼? They usually leave when the work is done. 他们通常干完活就走了。 They were having their dinner when she arrived. 她来时他们正吃晚饭。 2)while当……时,... 阅读全部 »

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