过去将来完成进行时指动作持续到过去某时后的另一时刻且进行下去,常用结构为would/should have been doing。例如: A: What would John have been working on after 11pm last Thu evening? 约翰上周四晚11点后将一直忙什么? B: He would have been programming si... 阅读全部 »

过去将来时:表示从过去看将要发生的事: He was eighteen.In two years he would be twenty. 他十八岁,再过两年他就二十了。 I thought you would wait for me. 我以为你会等我哩。 Did you know Mary would come? 你知道玛丽会来吗? He assured me that he wou... 阅读全部 »

过去完成时表示过去某时前已经发生的事: When I saw him.he had been ill for a month. 我见到他时他已病了一个月了。 He couldn’t see anyone.The thieves had gone. 他没看见什么人,小偷已经跑了。 He showed me the books he had bought. 他让我看了... 阅读全部 »

过去进行时:表示过去某时正在进行的动作: Last week she wasn’t feeling very well. 上星期她感到不太舒服。 An old lady was waiting for the bus. 一位老太太(这时)正在等车。 The sun was setting. 太阳正在西沉。 Birds were singing in the trees. ... 阅读全部 »

将来进行时(The Future Continuous Tense):表示将来某时正在进行的动作,或根据安排将要发生的事,由“will(shall)be+现在分词”构成: Be sure to come at 8 o’clock.I’ll be expecting you. 一定要八点钟来,我会等你的。 I’ll be waiting for ... 阅读全部 »

过去完成进行时(The Past Perfect Continuous Tense):表示过去某时前一直在进行的动作,由“had been+现在分词”构成: I asked him what he had been doing. 我问他一盲在干什么。 He had been working all day and was very tired. 他干了一天的活很累。 She show... 阅读全部 »

现在完成进行时(The Present Perfect Continuous Tense)表示由过去某时持续到现在的动作,由“have(has)been+现在分词”构成: It has been raining for three hours. 一连下了三个钟头的雨。 She has been working the whole morning. 她工作一上午了。 That’s... 阅读全部 »

语态是谓语的一种形式,当主语是动作的执行者时,动词用主动语态,若主语与谓语是被动关系,则动词用被动语态: Everybody respects him. 大家都尊敬他。(主动语态) He is respected by everybody. 他受到大家的尊敬。(被动语态) 被动语态由“be+过去分词”构成,时... 阅读全部 »

1 在口语中,很多时态有紧缩形式,这也反映在书面语中,如: I am waiting for your answer.可紧缩为I’m waiting for your answer I shall not be away long.可紧缩为I shan’t be away long. 2 英语中主要的紧缩形式可归纳如下:  紧缩形式 完全形... 阅读全部 »

1 现在完成时由“have(has)+过去分词”构成,第三人称单数用has,其他情况下都用have: He(She,The boy)has gone home 他(她,那男孩)回家了。 I(You,We,They)have made a mistake. 我(你,我们,他们)犯了一个错误。 2 和过去式一样,过去分词也有两类,规则动词)... 阅读全部 »

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